3D Printing

 

Since the beginning of the new millennium, the concept of «3D» firmly established in our everyday life. First of all, we associate it with the cinematography, photography and animation. But today there exists hardly a person who at least once in life heard of such a new product, a 3D-printing.

 

Currently, the range of possibilities and applications of 3D printing is constantly growing. This technology is subject turned out everything - from the blood vessels to the coral reefs and furniture.

 

3D printing is to build on the real object created on a computer modeled 3D model. Then, a digital three-dimensional model is stored in the STL-file format, then the 3D printer, which displays the file for printing, forms the actual product.

 

Printing process itself is a series of repetitive cycles associated with the creation of three-dimensional models, drawing on the desktop (elevator) printer consumables layer, moving the desktop down to the level of the finished layer and the removal of waste from the surface of the table. Continuously cycles follow one after the other: the first layer of material is applied to the next elevator is lowered again and so on until the desktop will not finished product.

 

The use of three-dimensional printing is a serious alternative to traditional methods of prototyping and small batch production. The three-dimensional, or 3D-printer, in contrast to the usual, which displays the two-dimensional drawings, photographs and on paper, makes it possible to display three-dimensional information, ie create a three-dimensional physical objects.

 

3D printing has opened great opportunities for experiments in areas such as architecture, engineering, medicine, education, fashion design, jewelry, and even in the food industry. In architecture, for example, 3D printing allows you to create three-dimensional models of buildings or even entire neighborhoods with all the infrastructure - squares, parks, roads and street lighting. Thanks to that used at the same time cheap gypsum composite ensures lowest cost of ready-made models. And more than 390,000 CMYK color shades allow to embody any, even the boldest imagination of the architect.

 

 

 

In construction there is every reason to assume that in the near future is much faster and easier erection of buildings. Californian engineers create a 3D printing system for large objects. It works on the principle of a construction crane, erecting walls of concrete layer. This printer can build a two-storey house just 20 hours. After that, workers will only have to carry out finishing work. 3D House is gradually conquering the strong position in the 3D printers and small-scale production. Most of these technologies are used for the production of exclusive products such as art objects, characters, figures for role-playing games, prototypes of future models of the goods or any structural details.

 

In medicine, thanks to the three-dimensional printing technology, doctors were able to reconstruct a copy of the human skeleton, which allows for more precise work methods to increase the guarantee of successful operations. Are increasingly used in the field of 3D printers in prosthetic dentistry because these technologies allow to obtain much faster prosthesis than with the traditional manufacture.

 

Not long ago, German scientists technology for producing human skin has been developed. When making its use gel obtained from the donor cells. But in 2011, scientists were able to reproduce the living human kidney. As you can see, the possibilities offered by 3D printing are truly endless in almost all spheres of human activity. Printers, creating culinary masterpieces that reproduce human organs and prostheses, toys and teaching aids, clothing and footwear - is not imagination of writers - fiction, but realities of modern life. And what else will open horizons for humanity in the coming years, perhaps it can be limited only by the imagination of the individual.